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This is my first official blog on the law and languages, two inter-related areas of study and practice in which I have special interest.

The Law

Since the law is a vast area of study, my posts vary depending on my specific interests in a particular time. When discussion on legal practice is concerned, special attention is paid only to the practice of law in Indonesia, my home country in which I am admitted to the Bar.

Excepted from this blog is the area of intellectual property law for which a special blog has been created and the link of which can be found on the right bar. However, when I deem necessary, I will also be pleased to post something about intellectual property law here.


Languages are means of communication among human beings. Javanese and Indonesian are my mother tongue and the former is my native language whereas the latter is my national language. I have spoken Dutch since my childhood and I also speak, write and read French. I have been practising these three European languages professionally as Sworn Translator since 1998 and, as such, I have also been internationally accredited to the Chartered Institute of Linguists.

What is…

The Law

Law is a system of rules, usually enforced through a set of institutions. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a primary social mediator of relations between people. Contract law regulates everything from buying a bus ticket to trading on derivatives markets. Property law defines rights and obligations related to the transfer and title of personal (often referred to as chattel) and real property. Trust law applies to assets held for investment and financial security, while tort law allows claims for compensation if a person’s rights or property are harmed. If the harm is criminalised in a statute, criminal law offers means by which the state can prosecute the perpetrator. Constitutional law provides a framework for the creation of law, the protection of human rights and the election of political representatives. Administrative law is used to review the decisions of government agencies, while international law governs affairs between sovereign nation states in activities ranging from trade to environmental regulation or military action. Writing in 350 BC, the Greek philosopher Aristotle declared, “The rule of law is better than the rule of any individual.”



A language is a particular kind of system for encoding and decoding information. Since language and languages became an object of study (logos) by the ancient grammarians, the term has had many definitions. The English word derives from Latin lingua, “language, tongue,” with a reconstructed Proto-Indo-European root of *dnghû-, “tongue,” a metaphor based on the use of the physical organ in speech. The ability to use speech originated in remote prehistoric times, as did the language families in use at the beginning of writing. The processes by which they were acquired were for the most part unconscious.


P.W. Pamungkas (Broerie Wahjudi)

Please feel free to view my CV, of which link is given on the right bar.

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